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History of The Patna University (1917-1967)

       ........The newly created University of Patna started under its aegis post-graduate classes in a few subjects in the Patna College from July 1919. Soon afterwards the Non-co-operation movement was started and an appeal was made to young men to come out of the schools and colleges which were called Gulamkhanas. The conse­quence was that higher education could not be expanded much during the years 1921-22 and 1922-23. In 1921-22, 28 candidates appeared at the M.A. examination and only 21 came out successful. Next year 38 candidates appeared at the same examination and 23 passed. There was no candidate for the M.Sc. examination in 1921-22, but in 1922-23, nine students appeared and four passed. The total number of stu­dents who took up the Honours examinations in different subjects in 1921-22 was 32, and 25 only came out successful. Next year 62 students appeared and 41 succeeded. In the Pass Course B A. 332 candidates appeared in 1921-22 and 197 came out successful. Next year the number decreased to 298, of these 156 passed. The number of students taking up Honours course at the B.Sc. stage was only 12 in 1921-22 of whom 8 passed; and next year 4 out of 9 became successful. At the Pass Course B.Sc. 48 students appeared in 1921-22 and 14 passed. Next year the num­ber declined to 42 of whom 21 passed. The profession of law was not over­crowded in those days. In the whole of Bihar and Orissa only 72 persons took the B. L. degree in 1921-22 and 64 the next year. There was inadequate provision for the training of qualified teachers in the Training College itself. Only 16 got the degree of Bachelor of Education in 1921-22 and 19 the next year.

The Senate discussed in 1921-22 a draft of regulations designed to give effect to a previous decision that the length of the Pass Degree Course should be two years and that of Honours Course three years. But the majority in the Senate did not agree to this proposition and it had to be dropped.

Even as early as 1922-23 it appeared to the authorities of the Uni­versity that it would not be advantageous or practicable to have the Uni­versity located at Phulwarisharif. A Committee was appointed to go through a scheme prepared by the Vice-Chancellor (Mr. V. H. Jackson) for the development of the teaching of Arts and Science in the vicinity of Patna College. One of the most notable events in the progress of the Univer­sity in 1923 was the acquisition by the Government of the buildings in which the B.L. classes were held, at a cost of Rs. 1,17,960/-.

A more important event was the affiliation of the Bihar College of Engineering in 1923. It was from the next year that Degree students

were admitted to that College for the first time. The Prince of Wales Medical College started functioning from July 1925 when 40 boys were admitted to the First Year class of that institution. It is worth mentioning that in 1920 the Maharajadhiraja of Darbhanga had given a donation of Rs. 5,00,000/- for starting a Medical College.

Babu Baldeva Sahay who was returned to the Legislative Council of Bihar and Orissa. on a Congress ticket from the University of Patna, introduced a Bill in 1927 for making the Patna University a Teaching University. The Bill proposed to transfer the financial and administrative functions then exercised in regard to collegiate education by the Education, Medical and Industries Departments to the University. It sought also to transfer to the control of the University the teaching staff of the Patna College and of Science, Law, Medical, Engineering and Trai­ning Colleges, and also the Bihar National College. It was proposed to make the Minister of Education instead of the Governor of the Province the Chancellor of the University. It further provided that the Vice-Chancellor should be elected by the Senate instead of being appointed by the Governor. The Bill was the outcome of great dissatisfaction which a section of educated people of the Province felt on account of the working of the Patna University. In introducing the Bill the proposer said "The University of Patna in this country does not even undertake or pretend to undertake teaching in Hindi or Urdu. What would any one think if the Universities of Oxford or Cambridge will say that they shall not teach English?

.... the University of Patna is hopeless, but as soon as you make it a Teaching body and the administration of control of colleges is transferred to the University, by adjustment of its routine, of its programme, by effecting economy by concentrating teaching of one subject in Patna College and the other in the Bihar National College, it can save time and it can bring in a better set of the Professors." He held that the Professors being under the control of the Director of Public Instruction could not devote themselves to the task of advancement of learning and that they follo­wed the routine work mechanically. The Hon'ble Syed Muhammed Fakhr-ud-din, Khan Bahadur, the Minister of Education was opposed to the Bill. He, however, made it clear that a Teaching and Residen­tial University was absolutely necessary for imparting efficient educa­tion. He cited the example of Allahabad University and Dacca University and said that the same Body will find it impossible to be both an affiliating and a teaching University. Some of the observations made by him re­present the trend of thought which has been responsible for the establish­ment of the teaching and residential University at Patna and also of affiliating


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